NWA selects, equips and trains local volunteer teams and officials in Quick ID, Soft Mitigation, Safety procedures and GPS tracking.
NWA also provides assistance for fuel, and material for watchtower construction and basic food like instant noodles etc.
These professionally trained teams with comprehensive local landscape knowledge are the key in mitigation of Human Elephant Conflict.
NWA equips elephant teams with:
- Walkie Talkie
- Small back pack
- Rain coat
- Safety equipment
Training local people to mitigate Human Elephant Conflicts (HEC)
NWA is using large numbers of camera traps placed in strategic positions determined by careful study of the habitat areas.
Collected photographs will be evaluated using NWA’s Quick ID method.
The result is a comprehensive catalogue of the elephants present in a certain habitat as well as seasonal patterns and other data.
Capture/recapture is usually conducted in collaboration with authorities and other NGOs like Freeland foundation.
NWA’s roles are:
- Providing camera traps
- Quick ID evaluation and training
Efficient elephants surveillance in conflict areas
HEC MITIGATION TOOLBOX
NWA has started an initiative to collect all available methods used in HEC mitigation from throughout the world. These methods will then be independently evaluated:
All acceptable and effective methods should the be compiled into a comprehensive toolbox from which individual HEC mitigation plans for each area can be developed.
Cost efficient HEC mitigation toolbox
NWA designs and builds effective early warning alarm fences to be used by professionally trained elephant teams.
These alarm fences are cheap, easy to set up and operate and are proven to be highly effective when operated by elephant teams.
Set up along forest/protected area edges, the alarm alerts the elephant teams. They will then push the elephants back immediately before they can enter farmland or villages.
Efficient low cost elephant alarm fences
HABITAT CARRYING CAPACITY EVALUATION
To reduce Human Elephant conflict within any elephant range NWA is assessing carrying capacities and ways to improve.
Ideally carrying capacity should be at least 3 times actual population size, to get there food, water and safety for wild elephants have to be evaluated; improvements can come from removal of invasive plants, creation of additional grasslands, grassland maintenance, creation of additional water sources removal or at least reduction in disturbances like traffic, cattle raising, mining and other human activities from the elephant habitat areas.
NWA works closely with all relevant authorities and other NGOs.
NWA provides an assessment of habitat carrying capacity
INVASIVE PLANT CONTROL
NWA is currently developing and testing methods for large scale, sustainable removal and control of invasive plants like Chromolaena Odorata, Lantana Camara and others.
This project includes authorities, scientists and local communities.
Providing tools for invasive plants control
NWA runs training courses for all stakeholders in:
- HEC soft mitigation
- Quick identification
- Habitat evaluation/management
- Capture/recapture census
NWA runs training courses